Types and Uses of Eyedrops

Eye drops are quite essential when it comes to keeping your eyes healthy and clean, and for that, you need the finest quality eye drops available in the market. Have a look at our analysis of different types of Eye Drops to make an informed decision about using them in the right way.

Eye drops are not only needed but also recommended to keep your eyes clean. There are different eye drops specified for different eye concerns, and with all the different varieties available in the drugstores, it can get quite confusing to choose. Also, choosing the wrong kind of eye drop may actually make your condition worse.

So, in order to choose the right eye drop for your eyes, our informed analysis is here to guide and help you choose the right one for your precious blinkers. 

Firstly, picking eye drops specifically for your eye concern is of utmost importance. These are some of the eye concerns for which eye drops are generally required-

  • Dryness/Redness
  • Allergies
  • Contact lenses

Eye drops are also used for the following concerns-

  • Infections such as conjunctivitis.
  • A side effect of medication 
  • Eye discharge

These are the best eyedrops in India that are great to use for eyes if you have any dryness, redness or allergy problem.

types and uses of eyedrop

Types and uses of Eyedrops

Broadly speaking, there are 3 types of eye drops that apply to most of the basic concerns we are going to discuss: Allergy drops, Anti-redness drops, and Artificial tears/Dry eye drops. There are also OTC (Over-the-counter) eye drops and Prescription eye drops.

Allergy Eye Drops Or Antihistamine Drops

These eye drops are specifically for allergies, and the symptoms of this are generally red, watery, and itchy eyes. These allergic reactions are usually seasonal or from allergens such as pollen, pet dander, molds, and such.

Antihistamine eye drops are formulated for this kind of allergic eye concern to alleviate itching and redness. These work by reducing histamines in the eyes, produced by the body as a reaction to allergens. Certain newer eye drops known as mast cell stabilizers prevent the symptoms by stopping the body from producing histamines.

Certain decongestant eye drops also perform the same function as they have an antihistamine formula. Doctors prescribe them sometimes for treating allergic reactions in the eyes. But we do not recommend long term usage of these drops. This is because they can have harmful side effects like dryness and irritation, dilated pupils, etc. 

Eye Drops For Redness Or Anti-Redness Eye Drops

We recommend these eye drops are particularly for clearing redness and discomfort caused by it. These eye drops contain vasoconstrictor as an ingredient which acts by shrinking the blood vessels in your eye's surface (sclera) thereby decreasing the redness. Sometimes anti-redness eye drops have antihistamines as well. 

However, you should use these types of eye drops with caution because of the possible side effects. For example, over usage can actually cause redness to worsen because of irritation.

Also, if your eyes grow a tolerance to the whitening ingredients of these kinds of eye drops. This causes your eyes to possibly become dependent on them and cause the redness to worsen, known as rebound hyperemia, once you stop using them thus forcing you to use them repetitively.

Decongestant eye drops can also cause dilated pupils, further irritation, and dryness along with masking certain serious reasons for eye redness. So, it is always good to consult your ophthalmologist before you start using these eye drops. 

Eye Drops For Dry Eyes Or Artificial Tears

Artificial tears, as the name suggests have active ingredients that mimic the tears already present in your eyes acting as lubricating agents for your eyes' surface. Depending on your location these eye drops may also be called Dry eye drops, Wetting agents, Lubricants, but these are all interchangeable names for the same variant so do not be confused.

The ingredients which are used as lubricating agents in these eye drops are usually electrolytes of potassium and sodium. They are beneficial for your eyes and act as tear substitutes. Sometimes oil-based eye drops of this variety have Guar Gum as an ingredient, and these drops can actually be really helpful if you have chronic dry eyes.

Generally, we recommend the OTC eye drops for dry eyes. This is because of eye strain or windy/sunny days, thereby providing temporary relief. 

For dry eyes, it's ideal to avoid decongestant eye drops which are generally recommended for red eyes. We have already previously explained that such eye drops may actually worsen dry eyes.

Additionally, artificial tear drops may also include preservatives (to prevent bacterial growth). They are usually great as they come at a cheaper cost. But be wary that you are not allergic to these preserving agents as they may also cause your dry eyes to get worse. Preservative-free eye drops tend to be more expensive.

If you have a serious case of dry eyes, however, artificial tears may not be enough for you. You may need lubricating ointments, so it is best to consult with your ophthalmologist. 

Eye Drops For Contact Lens Wearers

For contact lens wearers, choosing eye drops may be slightly more difficult than usual as not every eye drop is suitable for contacts. 

Special formulations of rewetting eye drops are available in the market for contact lens wearers. They offer relief from dry eyes to other contact lens-associated discomforts.

If you choose to get a non-prescription eye drop for lubrication, please be sure to get the suggestion of your eye specialist to make sure the eye drops are compatible.


This analysis should give you a general idea that choosing eye drops to keep your eyes healthy and clean. It is not exactly an easy job especially if you are doing so without consulting a health expert. But we do sincerely hope our guide has been helpful and is able to guide you about types of eyedrops and their uses, so you can keep your eyes clean and sparkling.

However, we do recommend that you consult your healthcare expert before using eye drops just for extra caution as you can never be too careful when it comes to your eyes.

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Soumya is the editor-in-chief of Homeplace. Being an engineer with more than 8 years of working experience in consumer goods industries with exposure to product development, manufacturing, maintenance and quality control, he is an expert in this field.

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