The shortage of groundwater is badly increasing everywhere. In addition, heavy pollution is worsening the situation. According to the UN Human Rights Report, the world is fast approaching a devastating situation where only the wealthy can afford basic resources in the face of fatal calamity. In some of the places in India, the disaster has already arrived. Chennai, the sixth-largest city in India, has nearly been dry in mid-2019. In this context, we can understand the Importance of Water Purification in India.
According to Aljazeera, By 2020, at least 21 cities in India, including Chennai, Hyderabad, Delhi, and Bengaluru might run out of groundwater, affecting around 100 million people.
However, you might not have faced such a situation of the water crisis yet. But, the water you drink might not be fully safe for drinking.
This is because the water you drink might be directly from the borewell or even from corporation/ municipal distribution without purification. As a matter of fact, municipal water is definitely treated. But, when this water passes through the pipes placed underground to reach you, there could be leakage. It has to come a long way through rusty and dirty pipes until it gets to you. Eventually, the water might get contaminated. The water that finally arrives at your taps may contain rust, germs, and impurities.
During monsoon, the chances of contamination increases. In such a situation, a person may get sick if he/she drinks the water directly or even cook with it.
Importance of Water Purification
Here is an interesting video by TED-Ed to understand why the purification of water is needed.
Also Read: Top 5 Water Purifiers to Buy
1. Lowering Bacteria and Germs
A water purifier with UV feature destroys illness-causing microorganisms by attacking their genetic core (DNA). This process is extremely efficient to eliminate their ability to reproduce. Moreover, UV water filtration is very effective and environmentally safe. It destroys 99.99% of harmful microorganisms without adding any chemical. However, it does not change the taste or odor of the purified water.
2. Adjustment of TDS
TDS stands for Total Dissolved Solids. It is a measure of how much heavy metal such a Calcium, Magnesium is present in the water. TDS less than 300 mg/L is considered excellent for drinking. If you have High TDS in the water, a water purifier with a TDS controller might sound a very good choice for you. RO water purifiers are best known for the removal of inorganic solids from the water.
3. Importance of Water Purification in India with Ultrafiltration
In ultrafiltration, the water is forced through a semi-permeable membrane using hydrostatic pressure. In this process, suspended solids, bacteria, viruses, endotoxin, and other pathogens get blocked on the membrane, proving you fresh and pure water. You don’t need any chemicals to add when you use a water purifier with ultrafiltration. This is also very environment-friendly.
4. Prevent various cancer-causing risks
The water you drink might contain harmful chemicals & pesticides. Some of these chemicals might cause cancer. Lead is one such example of these harmful chemicals. So, by eliminating such chemicals from the water may lower the risk. A good water purifier does it perfectly.
5. Minimization of Health Hazards
With drinking good quality water, you can keep the doctors away. If you drink fresh and pure water, several problems like headaches, indigestion, gastro problem, skin diseases, constipation can be minimized. Along with these, the immunity is increased with more delicious and healthier food. If you have a water purifier at home, you can avoid those diseases and it eventually helps to save you on your medical expenses.
6. Importance of Water Purification in Cost Savings
When you buy a Water Purifier, it might cost you a significant amount of money but, in return, you will save bills to a large extent. You will no longer have to purchase the costly water bottles that could have been an alternative to the Water Purifier at your home. If you calculate it over the time of a year, you may find a water purifier is worth buying.
7. Reducing Conveyance problem
If you use municipal water or a water pump from a public place to source drinking water, you might have faced a common conveyance problem. You may know the pain and time consumed to stand by the queue, wait for your turn and carry the water to your home. But, if you have a water purifier installed at your home, the conveyance problem is solved. Eventually, the water purifier can give you safer water than these sources.
8. Lower Carbon Footprint
When you use a water purifier at your home, you might not need expensive bottles of water anymore. These water bottles are made of plastic which is non-biodegradable. After use when you throw it away, it ultimately pollutes the mother nature. Plastic pollution is getting severe nowadays. If you reduce the usage of plastic bottles, you will ultimately help in the reduction of carbon emission.
9. Removal of Chlorine
Most municipal water utility companies use chlorine to treat drinking water. As it’s inexpensive and easy to use. It is highly effective at killing bacterias and viruses. So, the water you are drinking might contain a high level of chlorine that is harmful to you if it is above the safe level. A water purifier with Activated Carbon Filter absorbs the chlorine with smelly impurities present in the water.
10. Healthier Pets and plants
Having a water purifier at your home doesn’t only benefit you and your family, but also your pets and plants. Adding fresh & chemical-free water to the water bowls of your pets or using it in your aquarium, lowers the risk of being harmed by diseases. Watering your plants with purified water also helps them to grow well and prevent pests.
Frequently Asked Questions
With the increasing pollution, the availability of pure water is decreasing day by day. The unpurified water may contain germs and contaminations. Whether you cook or drink, the water should be purified to avoid diseases.
Water can be purified in several ways. The cheapest way is boiling. But with boiling, the dissolved oxygen gets out and creates a flat taste. Apart from it, boiling water does not remove dirt, rust, lead, arsenic, calcium magnesium. To get pure water, RO water purifiers with UV and UF technology are the best.
As the underground water level is decreasing along with increasing pollution, it is now very essential to purify water before use. Water Purifiers are safe and good for your health. Regular maintenance is the key to get the purest water.
As you can clearly see the benefits, you should purify the water before use. The importance of water purification in India is a critical understanding and a step towards living a healthier, more sustainable lifestyle.
There are various types of water purifiers available in the market. There are numerous features available with each of the brands like Kent, Eureka Forbes, HUL pureit, Havells, etc.