If you are looking for an Induction Stove, firstly, you must compare it with your existing gas stove. You should check whether it will be beneficial for you in terms of Cost, Operation, Maintenance, Safety. Comparison of Induction Stove vs Gas Stove is a crucial step before you invest more in buying one.
As the cost of petroleum is increasing day by day, the price of LPG, Petrol, Diesel is also increasing. The cost of the LPG cylinder is high and fluctuating. On the other hand, the cost of electricity almost steady with varying unit rates from Rs 1.2 to 13 depending upon the slab. Whereas, for domestic usage, the unit rate of electricity usually varies from Rs 1.2 to 6. The average unit rate for domestic usage is around Rs 5 across India. The power consumption by an Induction cooker depends upon the wattage consumed. The following comparison table of Induction Stove vs Gas Stove may help you consider various options like safety, operation, cost, energy efficiency before you make any decision to buy.
Induction Stove vs Gas Stove
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Induction Stove vs Gas Stove- Explanation of Features
1. Working Principle
An Induction Stove works on the principle of Electromagnetic Induction. In this process, Electricity is converted to Heat Energy that is used to cook food.
On the other hand, The gas stove works on the principle of Combustion. Here Chemical Energy from LPG gas is converted to heat energy by burning the gas.
2. Energy Efficiency
This is one of the most important factors when you compare an Induction Stove vs Gas Stove. As the Induction Stove works on the principle of Electromagnetic Induction, without a flat iron base of the pot, it does not work. With electromagnetic induction, the magnetic field of the cooktop induces another magnetic field on the iron base of the induction stove. Around 80-90% energy is effective to induce the magnetic field on the pot. Very minimal energy is lost during the process. Thus it increases the efficiency of the Induction Stove.
The Gas Stove heats up the cooking pot with flame generated by burning the LPG gas. Around 40-50% of the energy generated by it is effective to heat up the pot for cooking. Therefore, Gas Stoves are less efficient that Induction stoves in terms of Energy Efficiency.
3. Safety for Cooking
Safety is a very crucial factor when determining which is better- Induction Stove or Gas Stove.
As no flame is generated by an Induction Stove during cooking, it provides you maximum safety. No fire or burning hazard is there during cooking. However, you should not touch the heated surface of the Cooktop just after cooking. Those who have a pacemaker, are not advised to use an Induction Stove as there might be a magnetic interference which could lead to malfunction of the pacemaker.
During cooking with a gas stove, there could be a chance for burn or catching fire whether there is a misoperation, unsafe handling or leakage of LPG from the cylinder, gas pipe or regulator. Moreover, the cooking environment also gets hot when using a gas stove.
Hence, when safety is concerned, an Induction Cooktop is recommended over the Gas stove.
4. Weight & Space Requirement
A gas stove has multiple components to install and place at your kitchen. The main components of a Gas Stove set consist of- an LPG cylinder, regulator, gas pipe, burner/ oven. Overall it is huge to keep in your kitchen in terms of size, space, and weight.
However, on the contrary, an Induction Stove is a single component with far less size, space, and weight. All you need is a 2 phase electrical plug point near the place where you want to keep the Induction Stove.
In the long run, comfort is the most essential factor while you select between an Induction Stove and a Gas Stove.
For an Induction Stove, you can get the most comfort when using it. Whereas, cooking with a gas stove is less comfortable as there is a heated environment, more chance for burn and catching fire.
While you compare an Induction Stove vs Gas Stove, maintenance is a crucial factor to determine ease of handling. More maintenance means more headaches.
A gas stove is high maintenance prone. Whereas, an Induction Stove is less maintenance intensive as it has fewer components to maintain.
7. Capital Cost
For a gas stove, there are a lot more components when compared to an Induction Stove. The total cost is significantly higher for a Gas Stove. But, for an Induction Stove, the price is considerably less. If the price is concerned, you should go for an Induction Stove. A good Induction Stove will cost you between Rs 1500-3000. Whereas, A gas stove with 2 burners will cost you Rs 2000-4000.
8. Recurring Costs
The cost of Electricity depends on the slab and the corresponding unit rate. To understand in detail, let us consider that we need to heat up 20 L water. For an Induction Stove, it will consume approximately 2 kWh of electricity. Considering a medium range of slab with the unit rate of Rs 5/ KWh, it will cost you around Rs 10.
The volume of water to heat up= 20 L
Electricity Consumption= 2 KWh (Approx.)
Electricity Unit Rate= Rs 5/ kWh
Cost of heating 20 L water= 2 KWH x Rs 5/ KWh = Rs 10
On the other hand, an LPG cylinder will cost you around Rs 490 if you have a subsidy. If you don’t have a subsidy, it might cost you around Rs 730. To heat up 20 L of water, approximately 0.024% of LPG will be consumed from the gas cylinder. Therefore, the cost of heating will be around Rs 11.76 (subsidized) & Rs 17.52 (non-subsidised).
The volume of water to heat up= 20 L
LPG consumption= 0.024%
Cost of LPG cylinder= Rs 490 (subsidised), Rs 730 (Non-subsidised)
Cost of Gas consumed= 0.024 x 490= Rs 11.76 (subsidised) and 0.024 x 730=17.52 (non-subsidised)
Recurring cost for cooking with an Induction Cooktop is much lower than cooking with a gas stove.
Frequently Asked Questions
Yes, Induction cooking is much better than gas cooking in terms of recurring cost, safety, maintenance, space requirement. An Induction Cooktop is a better alternative now with fluctuation in LPG price.
Yes, an Induction Cooktop is cheaper than a gas stove when your concern is both the capital and recurring cost. With unit rate Rs 10, you can save Rs 1 to 7 to boil 20 L water when using an Induction Cooktop.
Induction cooking is safe for health as there is no naked flame. But if you have a pacemaker, you should not use it as the electromagnetic field might cause a negative effect.
You should use a flat bottom pot made of iron or steel (ferromagnetic) to cook efficiently with an Induction Cooktop.
From the above calculation, it is clear that if your electricity unit rate is around Rs 5/ KWh, an Induction Stove is very much economical compared to Gas Stove. However, for the higher slab, it might cost you equal or more than a Gas Stove. Considering the above points wisely, you may find that an Induction Stove is better than a gas stove in terms of Energy Efficiency, Safety, Space Requirements, comfort, maintenance, and Cost. You may also like to check our Review & Buyer’s Guide for bestseller Induction Cooker section.