Induction Stove vs Gas Stove Comparison

If you are looking for an Induction Stove, firstly, you must compare it with your existing gas stove. You should check whether it will be beneficial for you in terms of Cost, Operation, Maintenance, Safety. Comparison of Induction Stove vs Gas Stove is a crucial step before you invest more in buying one.

As the cost of petroleum is increasing day by day, the price of LPG, Petrol, Diesel is also increasing. The cost of the LPG cylinder is high and fluctuating.

On the other hand, the cost of electricity almost steady with varying unit rates from Rs 1.2 to 13 depending upon the slab. Whereas, for domestic usage, the unit rate of electricity usually varies from Rs 1.2 to 6.

The average unit rate for domestic usage is around Rs 5 across India. The power consumption by an Induction cooker depends upon the wattage consumed.

The following comparison table of Induction and Gas Stove may help you consider various options like safety, operation, cost, energy efficiency before you make any decision to buy.



Induction vs Gas Stove – Comparison

Features Induction Stove Gas Stove
Energy Efficiency 80-90% 40-50%
Safety High Moderate
Weight & Space Requirement Low High
Comfortability High Low
Maintenance Low High
Capital Cost Moderate High
Recurring Cost Low Moderate
Overall Rating 4.8/5 4/5

These induction and gas stoves are highly recommended:


Gas Stove vs Induction Stove- Explanation of Features

1. Working Principle

An Induction Stove works on the principle of Electromagnetic Induction. In this process, Electricity is converted to Heat Energy that is used to cook food. The best induction cooktops in India are highly efficient with easy operating procedure.

On the other hand, The gas stove works on the principle of Combustion. Here Chemical Energy from LPG gas is converted to heat energy by burning the gas.

2. Energy Efficiency

This is one of the most important factors when you compare a gas cylinder vs Induction Stove. As the Induction Stove works on the principle of Electromagnetic Induction, without a flat iron base of the pot, it does not work.

With electromagnetic induction, the magnetic field of the cooktop induces another magnetic field on the iron base of the induction stove. Around 80-90% energy is effective to induce the magnetic field on the pot. Very minimal energy is lost during the process.

Thus it increases the efficiency of the Induction Stove.

The Gas Stove heats up the cooking pot with flame generated by burning the LPG gas. Around 40-50% of the energy generated by it is effective to heat up the pot for cooking. Therefore, Gas Stoves are less efficient that Induction stoves in terms of Energy Efficiency.

3. Safety for Cooking

Safety is a very crucial factor when determining which is better- Induction Stove or Gas Stove.

As no flame is generated by an Induction Stove during cooking, it provides you maximum safety. No fire or burning hazard is there during cooking. However, you should not touch the heated surface of the Cooktop just after cooking.

Those who have a pacemaker, are not advised to use an Induction Stove as there might be a magnetic interference which could lead to malfunction of the pacemaker.

During cooking with a gas stove, there could be a chance for burn or catching fire whether there is a misoperation, unsafe handling or leakage of LPG from the cylinder, gas pipe or regulator. Moreover, the cooking environment also gets hot when using a gas stove.

Hence, when safety is concerned, an Induction Cooktop is recommended over the Gas stove. The best auto-Ignition gas stoves does not require to light up manually and can help the user to the largest extent.

4. Weight & Space Requirement

A gas stove has multiple components to install and place at your kitchen. The main components of a Gas Stove set consist of- an LPG cylinder, regulator, gas pipe, burner/ oven. Overall it is huge to keep in your kitchen in terms of size, space, and weight.

However, on the contrary, an Induction Stove is a single component with far less size, space, and weight. All you need is a 2 phase electrical plug point near the place where you want to keep the Induction Stove.

5. Comfort

In the long run, comfort is the most essential factor while you select between an Induction Stove and a Gas Stove.

For an Induction Stove, you can get the most comfort when using it. Whereas, cooking with a gas stove is less comfortable as there is a heated environment, more chance for burn and catching fire.

6. Maintenance

While you compare Induction Stoves with a Gas Stove, maintenance is a crucial factor to determine ease of handling. More maintenance means more headaches.

A gas stove is high maintenance prone. Whereas, an Induction Stove is less maintenance intensive as it has fewer components to maintain.

7. Capital Cost

For a gas stove, there are a lot more components when compared to an Induction Stove. The total cost is significantly higher for a Gas Stove. But, for an Induction Stove, the price is considerably less.

If the price is concerned, you should go for an Induction Stove. A good Induction Stove will cost you between Rs 1500-3000. Whereas, A gas stove with 2 burners will cost you Rs 2000-4000.

8. Recurring Costs

To calculate the recurring cost, let us assume boiling 10 L of water from 25°C to 100°C on an induction cooktop and a gas stove separately.

We know that, Absorbed Energy= Mass x Specific Heat x Change in temperature

Where,

Mass of 10 L water = 10 Kg

Specific heat of water= 4.18 J/g°C

Change in temperature= 75°C

Therefore, Energy needed to heat water from 25°C to 100°C= (10 x 4.18 x 75) kJ or 3135 kJ

Whichever source you use (induction or gas stove), it must generate 3135 kJ of energy in order to heat 10 L water to 100°C.

Induction Stove

The cost of Electricity depends on the slab and the corresponding unit rate. To understand in detail, let us consider that we need to heat up 10 L water.

For an Induction Stove, if it runs for 1 hour with the 2000 watt power setting, it will consume approximately 2 kWh of electricity. Considering a medium range of slab with the unit rate of Rs 5/ KWh, it will cost you around Rs 10.

Calculation

Let us assume to use 2000 watts of power on induction cooktop to boil 10 L of water.

But assuming 90% efficiency, effective power= 1800 watts or 1.8 kW

Approx time taken to boil water= 3135/(1.8*60) or 29 minutes.

Electricity consumed= (2*29)/60 = 0.96 kW-h or units

If the electricity cost at your area is Rs 5/unit, then,

Cost of boiling 10 L water on induction cooktop= 4.8 INR

Gas Stove

On the other hand, an LPG cylinder will cost you around Rs 600 if you have a subsidy. If you don’t have a subsidy, it might cost you around Rs 800. You can check the latest price of the LPG cylinder in your city HERE.

Calculation

The calorific value of LPG is around 46 MJ/Kg

Ideal mass of LPG to be used to boil 10 L water= 3135/46000 = 0.068 Kg

Considering efficiency of the gas stove to be around 50%, the actual LPG consumption is 0.136 Kg

Price of a 14.2 Kg cylinder varies for different states in India.

Assuming an average LPG price of Rs 600 (subsidized) and Rs 800 (non-subsidized), we find that,

Cost of boiling 10 L water on gas stove (approx.)

  • subsidized consumers= 5.74 INR
  • non-subsidized consumers= 7.66 INR

NOTE: The calculation is valid on the assumed standard parameters.

Conclusion

The recurring cost for cooking with an Induction Cooktop is much lower than cooking with a gas stove. Thus, we can conclude that induction cooking is cheaper than using a gas cylinder. The following table is based on boiling of 10 L of Water from 25°C to 100°C.

ParameterInduction CooktopGas Stove
Theoretical
Energy Consumption
3744 kJ3128 kJ
Actual
Energy Consumption
4120 kJ6258 kJ
Power and Fuel Consumption0.96 units of electricity0.136 Kg LPG
Cost4.8 INR5.74 INR (subsidized)
7.66 INR (non-subsidized)

We highly recommend this induction cooktop for power saving and efficient cooking:

Philips Viva Collection HD4928/01...
  • This product does not require installation. please contact brand customer care for any product related queires. Customer Service Number: 18001022929
  • Programmed for Indian cooking
  • Touch start for ease of use
  • 0 to 3 hours time setting
  • Auto-off program cooks food safely
  • More comfortable cooking without flame
  • Cool-to-touch surface cooks foods safely
  • Warranty: 1 year on product
  • Power: 2100 watts
  • Operating voltage: 220-240 volts

Induction stove vs gas stove

Frequently Asked Questions

Is induction better than gas cooking?

Yes, Induction cooking is much better than gas cooking in terms of recurring cost, safety, maintenance, space requirement. An Induction Cooktop is a better alternative now with fluctuation in LPG price.

Is induction cheaper to run than gas?

Yes, an Induction Cooktop is cheaper than a gas stove when your concern is both the capital and recurring cost. With unit rate Rs 10, you can save Rs 1 to 7 to boil 20 L water when using an Induction Cooktop.

Is induction cooking safe for health?

Induction cooking is safe for health as there is no naked flame. But if you have a pacemaker, you should not use it as the electromagnetic field might cause a negative effect.

Do I need special pots for induction cooking?

You should use a flat bottom pot made of iron or steel (ferromagnetic) to cook efficiently with an Induction Cooktop.


Induction stove vs gas stove

Final Words

From the above calculation and comparison of gas stove vs induction stove, it is clear that if your electricity unit rate is around Rs 5/ KWh, an Induction Stove is very much economical compared to Gas Stove. However, for the higher slab, it might cost you equal or more than a Gas Stove.

Considering the above points wisely, you may find that an induction stove is the best alternative to a gas stove in terms of Energy Efficiency, Safety, Space Requirements, comfort, maintenance, and Cost.

This video explains a lot about differences between Induction Cooktops and Gas stoves. Check it out!


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References

Author Soumya

Soumya is the author of this article and editor-in-chief of Homeplace. Being an engineer with more than 7 years of working experience in various consumer goods industries with exposure to product development, manufacturing, maintenance and quality control, he is an expert in this field. He decided to combine all his experience blended with scientific analysis and research done Homeplace team into this blog. Comment below or contact if you have any query.

Last update on 2021-04-16 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

1 thought on “Induction Stove vs Gas Stove Comparison”

  1. Heating energy from induction have more efficient, more safe, easy housekeeping and other advantageous.
    Possibility of using solar power fulfill with induction heating.
    Direct flame heating is contributing global warming where is induction heating is not.
    My suggestion to all appliances manufacturers to support and change the trans. Good luck.

    Reply

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