Tower Fan vs Air Cooler – Which is Ideal for Indian Homes?

With the rising temperature in summer, it is now essential to use a cooling appliance at your home. An air conditioner works great but it is very expensive with high electricity consumption. For a limited budget, a pedestal fan, an air cooler or a tower fan can be a suitable alternative.

However, depending on the application, cooling capacity and power consumption, the air cooler and tower fan are suitable for different purposes. After reading this article you will be able to distinguish the differences and compare tower fan vs air cooler to select the right one.

Before we proceed, we need to know the basics of the working of a tower fan and air cooler.

How does a Tower Fan work?

A tower fan has a typical shape similar to a tower. Basically, it has a structure of a cylindrical chamber. Inside the cylindrical tower, there is a motor is installed along with the impeller.

The impeller is meant to suck the air and push it. When you switch on the tower fan, the air is pulled inside the container from a small port. Then the air travels through the vertical tower and on the top it gets guided to the suitable direction inside the room.

You can control the flow and direction of air with the inbuilt controller of the tower. The

Facts about Tower Fans

  • Excellent for use in a living room with all sizes.
  • It takes less space and easy to carry.
  • Very low noise and vibration.
  • Low electricity consumption.
  • It does not cool down the temperature much. A tower fan circulates the room air only.

How does Air Cooler work?

Air coolers are great alternatives to air conditioners in a tight budget. Though it does not offer high cooling efficiency like an AC, it works well. The wet -type air coolers are more effective than dry coolers.

The best air coolers work on the principle of evaporation. To use it properly, at first, you need to fill the storage chamber with water. When the switch is turned on, the blower pushes the outside air over the stored water.

Over time, the air loses latent heat to the water and the water starts to evaporate. During this process, the air cools down in the room.

However, wet air coolers do not work well where humidity is very high. With high moisture content in the air, the water does not evaporate easily. In that case, you need to go to an Air Conditioner.

Facts about Air Coolers

  • It is good to use in a large room.
  • Air coolers work great in low humid areas.
  • It does not only circulates the air but, also cools down the temperature.
  • These are bulky and takes big space.
  • Air coolers can be noisier.

Tower Fan vs Air Cooler Comparison

1. Working Method

A tower fan recirculates room air by means of a small but powerful blower motor inside a tower-shaped fan. An Air cooler does not only recirculate but also cools down the air temperature by evaporation of water.

2. Cooling Capacity

A tower fan does not cool the air. It only blows and circulates it. Air cooler blows as well as cools the air especially when the air is dry. However, proper ventilation is needed to get optimum performance from an air cooler.

3. Spare Requirement

Tower fans are smaller compared to air coolers and take much less space in the room. Air coolers are bigger in size and heavier in weight. Moving it to another area can be a little difficult.

4. Vibration and Noise

A tower fan is almost a silent appliance. It is excellent to use in a study room or a bedroom. On the other hand, air coolers can be a bit noisy and produce slight vibration when running.

5. Health Benefit

Some tower fans are offered with a pre-filter to blow fresh air. Air coolers are more effective to remove some of the allergens in the air like dust, pollens. However, these are not suitable for persons suffering from asthma or other respiratory diseases. As an air cooler increases the humidity, it might cause a problem.

6. Operating Difficulty

Tower fans are easier to operate as it is a less complicated device. The operation of an air cooler can be a bit longer because of pouring water and adjusting the settings. You need to supply water to the container inside it whenever the water level falls below the desired limit.

7. Maintenance

Tower fans require very little maintenance. But, the suction port should be checked and cleared if needed once in a week. On the contrary, air coolers need a little more maintenance than tower fans. If the water used is hard, unwanted scalings can accumulate inside the water container. Cleaning these can be difficult.

8. Electricity Consumption

Electricity consumption for an air cooler is higher than a tower fan though both draw less electricity compared to an air conditioner. If you need an economical solution, a tower fan can be your perfect choice.

The alternative to Tower Fan and Air Cooler:
Tower fans work well in all weather condition because it does not cool the air, only circulates it. You can use it in all climate regions.
Air Coolers perform better due to water evaporation. If you live in a dry area, we highly recommend it. However, it does not work well in a humid environment. In that case, a Portable Air Conditioner can be a good alternative.

FAQ about Tower Fan vs Air Cooler

Which is better tower fan or cooler?

An air cooler involves higher maintenance with more consumption of electricity. You may also notice some noise from an air cooler. If you live in an area with high humidity, the air cooler does not work well. In that case, a tower fan or air conditioner is suitable. A tower fan can be used for general purposes.

What is the difference between air cooler and tower fan?

An air cooler works on the principle of evaporation. The air loses the latent heat to the cooling water. It triggers the evaporation of water chilling the room air. Whereas, a tower fan does not cool down the air. Instead, it circulates the air inside the room.


As you can see from the above comparison of tower fan vs air cooler, the tower fans do not cool the air. Instead, it circulated the air in the room. Whereas, air coolers circulates and cools down the air by means of evaporation.

Tower fans are an advanced version of a stand fan. Air coolers can be a good alternative to air conditioners if you live in a dry place with low humidity like Delhi or Chandigarh. If your climate is humid like in Chennai or Kolkata, air coolers won't work well.

In such a situation, an air conditioner is needed. If the budget is tight, you should choose a tower fan. In conclusion, we can say that the application requirements of the air cooler and tower fan are different. Both work well with high efficiency if the operating conditions are met that are explained above.

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Soumya is the editor-in-chief of Homeplace. Being an engineer with more than 8 years of working experience in consumer goods industries with exposure to product development, manufacturing, maintenance and quality control, he is an expert in this field.

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